Shakti Sadhana

Sri Maha Pratyangira Devi



Sri Maha Pratyangira Devi is a powerful Devi who is said to have destroyed Sarabheswara's arrogance. Sarabheswara is a ugra avatar of Siva. She is also known as Narasimhika [ in Kalisahasranama Stotram] : She who is the Ferocious Half Human Half Lion of Courage. It is said that when Narashimhika shake her Lion's Mane, she throws the stars into disarray. She is enveloped as bliss in the letter "Ksham".

Sri Pratyangira Devi is also associated with Sri Cakra. She is considered to be a powerful repellent of the influences generated by witch-craft. In Sri Cakra worship, she protects the devotees against all odds and guides him/her along the right path.

In some image she is shown as dark complexion, terrible in aspect, having a lion's face with reddened eyes and riding a lion, entirely nude or wearing black garments, she wears garland of human skulls; her hair strands on end, and she holds a trident, a serpent in the form of a noose, a hand-drum and a skull in her four hands. She is also associates with Bhairava, and she has a variant form viz Atharvana-Bhadra-Kali.


Discussion held at Shakti Sadhana Forum
[Jul 2005]

dineshbharadwaj
I was wondering if there are any text in devanagari script for pratyangira mantra/homa.

If someone can please help me locate the same or send it to me, I will be grateful

sankara menon
Pratyangira is not something to be played with one recitation requires 1000 gayatris to expitiate the heat generated. so keep off. This is not fun amd games.

ganpra
Not just Prathyangira, also Varahi, Chandi, Bagalamuki and similar ugraha moorthies.

If one wants to attain Worldly things, Bala, Lalitha or Mahalakshmi samayatha Mahaganapathy can be invoked.

These shantha moorthies will tolerate minor mistakes, but not the ones in the previous list.

Len Rosenberg
Please provide a simple translation for those of us whose Sanskrit terminology is not up to snuff!

Ugraha means wrathful? Shantha means peaceful?

But isn't the Hindu Tara wrathful? How about Kali Ma? And if they are intolerant of minor mistakes, shouldn't there be a lot more burned-out wanna-be devotees? My question is, what is the practice of Pratyangira?

bsubramaniam
You are correct in your translation Len. I would beg to differ with the view that only shantha moorthies should be invoked. It is the guru who decides what is appropriate for each of his/her disciple to undertake and gives diksha. Without guru, it is better to follow paths other than mantra japa even for shantha moorthies. We should look beyond the mere forms of the deities & not confuse their looks to decide if they are wrathful. That is an affront to the inherent divinity in them.

There are beej mantras which can be used in some cases. Beej Mantras are single character mantras which are as capable as any bigger mantra. Beej Mantras are free from all restriction; there are no rules, no rosary or yantra is required and no diksha is necessary. And best of all, these can be recited mentally anywhere while doing anything. To recite mentally, imagine hearing the mantra again & again in your own voice.

Beej Mantras are available for each deity or god, thus have solution for any situation. The best example of their power is the Bhuvaneshwari Mantra -'Hreem' which is a Beej Mantra. The method is simple. Pick a Beej Mantra based on the situation and recite it as much as you can till the problem is solved. You can do it in office, in gym, in restaurant and even while sleeping.

Beej mantras yield almost instant results. Please note, correct pronounciation is a must for these mantras to work. BEWARE, if you'll try to use these mantras for wrong purposes, they WILL NOT work and you'll face terrible consequences.

Parthyangira is the ugra avatara rupam of parvathy created to quench sharabheshwara ugra rupa. As Mr. S. Menon very correctly put it, Pratyangira Sadhna is a very tough one & without a guru should not even be thought about.

Len Rosenberg
bsubramaniam@comcast.net wrote:...I would beg to differ with the view that only shantha moorthies should be invoked.... We should look beyond the mere forms of the deities & not confuse their looks to decide if they are wrathful. That is an affront to the inherent divinity in them.

I'm certainly aware that some people seem "called" to worship wrathful-looking deities. Kali Ma, even in her most outre aspects, always struck me as PROTECTIVE rather than scary.

There are beej mantras which can be used in some cases. Beej Mantras are single character mantras which are as capable as any bigger mantra. Beej Mantras are free from all restriction; there are no rules, no rosary or yantra is required and no diksha is necessary. And best of all, these can be recited mentally anywhere while doing anything. To recite mentally, imagine hearing the mantra again & again in your own voice.

Again, there are differences of opinion. I know one American-born "sadhu" who instructs people to chant simple mantras with the beeja as prefix (example: Om Aing Saraswatyai namah). Other, Indian-born devotees have insisted to me that one should use the honorific prefix "Shree" instead of a beeja, at least until a Guru has given you permission otherwise. And Kevin Ashley Farrand insists that "wrathful" deities should not be invoked with "Svaha," only with "Namah," again unless the Guru instructs otherwise.

Beej mantras yield almost instant results. Please note, correct pronounciation is a must for these mantras to work. BEWARE, if you'll try to use these mantras for wrong purposes, they WILL NOT work and you'll face terrible consequences. Parthyangira is the ugra avatara rupam of parvathy created to quench sharabheshwara ugra rupa.

So it's the worship of a wrathful form of Parvati (Parvati is always peaceful, I thought!), who did battle with the strange bird-lion-man monster form that Shiva assumed to pacify Narasimha? In Re: obscure or rare forms of the Devas... Are there any warnings I should be aware of concerning practices devoted to Heramba Ganapati? I am drawn to this five-faced Ganesha who rides a lion, and will be getting a murthi of him soon. One book says his moola mantra is based on the beeja "Guung" (with a long "u"). I've been visualizing him sending white healing light to me, and thence outwards to others who need healing or protection.

ganpra
I mentioned that ugraha moorthies should not be invoked from a book, as per the request of the questioner.

In the quoted context in my previous comment, implicitly, if the person is looking for the rituals of a homam in the form of a book, it means there is a possibility that (s)he is on a search to do things on his/her own. Which is not a good thing to do by oneself. Or else, all one has to do is to ask his/her Guru for the ways and means for the homam.

A deeksha is a different story as a Guru would have evaluated the student and would have prescribed the correct rituals based on the spiritual strength of the individual. A Guru will always be at hand and will know if something is being done wrong during the Sadhana by the student, w/o even the student telling the Guru.

As far as chanting mantras, they have their own good effects. As long as the divine form does not come, the effects will be minimal. If by some good fortune, if the divine form apprears, the person who is not properly initiated might not know what to do without proper guidence from a Guru.

It is not a great experience to see a ugraha moorthi arriving at your door or even appearing for a microsecond in one's mind, even if She was just paying a courtesy visit. In such cases the divine form must be properly welcomed, given all the upasaarams deserved of such a Guest and properly asked to take leave (yathaasthanam).

Let me explain in more colloquial terms. SHE will not leave unless a proper yathaasthaanam is made. Which some may think as a good thing to have in one's home. But, if She cannot leave, She is being placed in a house arrest. Means, She cannot accept the offerings of Her other Saadhakas. This will make her even angrier than what She is already is. The effects can only be guessed, albeit poorly.

anandanatha
There was a a beautiful Pratyangira sadhana published by Aiya (Sri Chaitanyanandanatha of Rochester Rajarajeshwari Peetham)It had all the matras and puja vidhi.

childofdevi
Really!! Can you provide a link to the sadhana if available?

Many years ago, Aiya did reveal a secret Pratyingara mantra, that too only to his close devotees and with the caveat that it be used only for an emergency and absolutely not for anything else; he repeatedly warned that if it was used for anything else, then it would be very dangerous. I am surprised that he published the whole sadhana.

anandanatha
I remember reading those conversations, but he published the Pratyangira sadhana as a book. It was written by Sri Gurumani (Chidanandanatha) and was published as a navratri malar by Aiya in 2002.

Abbaraju Venkata Ramana
Sri Matre Namah I heard one pratyangira temple is in chennai. Please provide the address of this temple [If this is available]

ganpra
http://www.ambaa.org/archives/msg03488.html

[2006]

Shrinivas Khate

I would however request the webmaster to be kind enough to share information on Maha Pratyangira Devi and the puja vidhi involved

kochu1tz
In my part of the country even that name is not mentioned. It IS powerfull. The reason it is not used is the need for further japas after reciting the mantra. The Rukles say for every japa of the mantra, one must recite 1008 Gayatris. Is it practical? so let it not be dealt with.

Arjuna Taradasa
The most detailed sourse is Meru-tantra. Besides it Pratyangira mantras and vidhi are given in Mantra-mahodadhi and some other texts. About gayatris i've never met such a rule; even if it is so, it is valid only for brahmanas (others are not supposed to do gayatri-japa). However Pratyangira-japa can be done not only by brahmanas. As far as i know, there are 2 mula-mantras of this form of Devi, one vedic and one tantric, and one mala-mantra. Pratyangira is sometimes identified with Bhadrakali and Siddhilakshmi. However it is far better to worship Devi in One form as Absolute: Kali, Kamalatmika, Tara, Tripurasundari etc.

Sankara menon
Yes texts have it

[Mar 24, 2006]
joannapollner
Jay Maa

I would like to find some more information on Prathyangiri Devi , She seems very elusive Diety and very little is on web . Does anyone has some suggestions.

kochu1tz
it is said one recitation of pratyangira requires 1008 gayatri japas

[Fri Apr 14, 2006]
vikasjeer
Sirs,can anyone guide me regarding pratyangira devi and her mantras?

kochu1tz
Pratyangira is taken up by advanced upasaks with full siddhi in at least one Mantra and the user has to be told by one who has siddhi in that mantra. If not it will backfire. Having just deeksha in one manra will not entitle one to use mantras such as these. The slightest hint of selfish motive will cause her t roar. So keep of.

joannapollner
Hi it is interesting this subject was revived here again , I asked once about this Devi, I am not sure how to understand this , I have had visions of this Devi in the form of my Guru, that is the reason I asked once what could mean seeing such Devi. I don know the mantras for Pratyangira but feel very close to Her.

kochu1tz
I understand. Some ppl have affinity to particulat devatas because of past karma. Such ppl will get their Gurus. Patience is the name of the game.

joannapollner
Just a note on this Devi while searching for the meaning of this Devi Pratyangira, it is interesting to note that ancient Egypt had Lion Godesses Hathor I am not sure if there is any correlation but that is what I was able to retrieve on the interent. I surley understand the importance of patience , for me in particular it is a puzzle that over the seven years now has been slowly unraveling weather in dreams or personal visions , I guess spiritual practice is not instant coffee.

NMadasamy
Have you heard of Sekhmet : the Lioness Goddess [ Goddess with the lion head ]also interpreted as "The Powerful One". Also referred to as the mistress of war and strife. Paradoxically, she is alo the mistress of healing who drove away sickness. She thus known as SHE who could kill could also cure. She is also identifies as Hathor, Mut and Pakhet.

The sympathetic and compassionate form is Bastet.

upendra rao
Probably It would be appropriate to mention about Lion Head God Sri Narasimha, who is known as most powerful in VAISHNAVA sampradaya. According vaishnavas Lord Narasimha is the most powerful and agreesive form of Lord Maha Vishnu, only the form is expressed in extreme anger. Para Sakthi holds Sudarshana Chakra which is a quality of Maha Vishnu.

prainbow61
Sekhmet rocks. She was also prayed to by women who wished for children.

Here's a good page on her: Sekhmet

Sekhmet, Powerful One, Sun Goddess, Destructor...

skht Sekhmet and Ptah

"The good god, the lord of action, Neb-Ma'at-Ra [Amenhotep III], Beloved of Sekhmet, the Mistress of Dread, who gives life eternally. The son of the God Ra of His own body, Amenhotep, ruler of Waset (Thebes), Beloved of Sekhmet, the Mistress of Dread, Who gives life eternally."

-- Inscription on a statue of Sekhmet

The lion-headed goddess Sekhmet (Sakhmet, Sekhet) was a member of the Memphite Triad, thought to be the wife of Ptah and mother of Nefertem (though the motherhood of Nefertem was in dispute - Bast and Wadjet (Edjo) were touted as his mother in their respective cities). Associated with war and retribution, she was said to use arrows to pierce her enemies with fire, her breath being the hot desert wind as her body took on the glare of the midday sun. She represented the destructive force of the sun.

According to the legends, she came into being when Hathor was sent to earth by Ra to take vengeance on man. She was the one who slaughtered mankind and drank their blood, only being stopped by trickery (this story can be found under Hathor's story). She was, thus, the destructive side of the sun, and a solar goddess and given the title Eye of Ra.

Being mother of Nefertem, who himself was a healing god, gives her a more protective side that manifested itself in her aspect of goddess of healing and surgery. Part of her destruction side was also disease and plague, as the 'Lady of Pestilence'... but she could also cure said ailments. The priests of Sekhmet were specialists in the field of medicine, arts linked to ritual and magic. They were also trained surgeons of remarkable caliber. Pharaoh Amenhotep III had many statues of Sekhmet, and it has been theorised that this was because he dental and health problems that he hoped the goddess may cure.

Hundreds of Amenhotep's Sekhmet statues were found in the Theban temple precinct of the goddess Mut at South Ipet-Isut (Karnak). The statues may have been made for the king's funerary temple on the West Bank of the Nile and may have been dispersed to other sites at Waset and elsewhere beginning with the reign of Rameses II.

Sekhmet was depicted as a lion-headed woman with the sun disk and uraeus serpent headdress. Although she is connected with Bast, she has no family relationship with the cat goddess. They are two distinct goddesses in their own rights - the Egyptians did not claim they were siblings of any kind. Bast and Sekhmet were an example of Egyptian duality - Sekhmet was a goddess of Upper Egypt, Bast of Lower Egypt (just like the pharaoh was of Upper and/or Lower Egypt!)... and they were linked together by geography, not by myth or legend.

Blessings of the terrible and tender Goddess,

Llundrub
There's also the lion faced Dakini. Does anyone know her name offhand

joannapollner
I must thank everyone for the response , obviously there are numerous connotations in various cultures in its Devi pantheon in regards to this particular Diety. The similarities are striking . Yes there is a lion faced Dakini. One day I went with my family to tibetan/indian art museum rmonch ( they have vas collection of Tibetan art ). I must also add that while taking note of various mandalas, Buddhas , Dakinis , symbols I felt very strong energy emanating from them . I thought of all the prayers while a specific artwork was being performed, thuse these artifacts where not just mere representations of some God or Godesses but somehow life entities on its own. At that moment I also was not sure if it is so ok to have such sacred art work displayed just for mere enjoyment because it was a pure state of meditation that these images pervailed. To make the story short while passing along the line of these images , there it was a striking red naked Dakini with Lion face displaying Her majestic bright as sun teeth. After seeing this image more unusual things happened in my personal life. I am not sure of the name of this Dakini although I am sure She is representation of Sri Maha Prathyangiri Devi.

Max Dashu
There's also the lion faced Dakini. Does anyone know her name offhand.
Simhamukhi

[Aug 24, 200] NMadasamy
Received this today morning. Thought its address to the moderators, I feel this should go to the group, because I know other members might ask the same question :

"Hi, I am wondering who Pratyingira really is and why to people repeatedly ask me to stay away from her. What are the precautions one takes while doing homa and puja to her. If you can direct me to post numbers if you have already discussed this on the forum, that would be nice too. Thanks"

kochu1tz
As I had said repeatedly, one cannot jump into postdoctoral research without going through school and various levels of college. Pratyangira may look attractive because it gives POWER. However, power comes with responsibilities, duties, and maturity. Without these, pratyangira and other similar mantras will remain as mere letters and sounds. In addition, as i have stressed earlier, one can start sadhana even without a Guru when devotion and grace are the aims. If one intends to use mantras for material gain, one has to go to the right guru and gain the authority and knowledge to use them.

On the practical front what i have noticed is that people strive hard thinking they can use this mantra for this and that mantra for that and by the time one gets the necessary knowledge and ability to use, the aim for which the great effort was made had become redundant.

Moral?? Strive only for HER grace and as the Isian priest Jesus is said to have said ".all these things shall be added unto thee"

sangar narayanan
It is unfortunate that people do not understand about Pratyinkira. When the supreme Divine Mother is there - Raja Rajeswari - why should one go after all these lower division powers. There is no dictum anywhere that one can use any mantra for destroying others. One will notice that even the Nikumbala yaga which indrajit did was destroyed by Hanuman, because Divine Mother never wanted this to be used to destroy any one. Contrary to understanding, Prathyinkira only provides strength to face any ordeal even from enemies and it cannot destroy anyone. This is my humble opinion.

NMadasamy
Gd Morning. And it is my humble opinion that Pratyinkira is not just a lower division powers. They are all the different aspect of DEVI. One of the millions manifestations. They serve different purpose and function. None is lower nor above each other.

As I have been seeing, there's this shift in people focusing on Pratyinkira more now than ever. I ask my guru one day, and i'm told its because of the the uncertainity and the insecurity. I believe perhaps brought about with the current political and economic situations.

To tell these people "dont! do it" is like telling a child, do not play with fire. The child will not learn until the child actually play with fire and got burnt. Only then the child will learn.

Do we have an alternative way to help to ease these feelings of vulnerable, the sense of insecurity and uncertainity?

joannapollner
My Guru appeared to me in that form one day ( I am not hindu ) I was a bit worried what could that mean ? then i did a bit of searching I follow a sadhana of Sri Chakra worship , and do not do any mantras for this Diety , however after this incident felt enormous protection from some divine forces . I do not think it is about power but for protection.

mahahradanatha
I agree with that, i like to draw attention to the fact that the form of the devi worshipped as central in shri vidya, was received and promulgated at a much later date, thousands of years before anybody knew of rajarajeswari or mahatripurasundari, pratyangira was already being called upon. Pratyangira cult is ages older than the relatively modern shri vidya tradition.

She stems from atharvanic sources which fact can be safely assumend from many details in her rites. Even in the Vayrajana versions of her sadhana, atharvanic verses are used.

Besides being a protective goddess she is namend asuri and krtya herself, in this moment she is understood as the female embodiment of destructive spells, that are deflected by the atharvans employing offerings and mantras directed to indra or soma.

There are dakshinacara as well as vamachara, nastika as well astika, bauddha as well as vaidika forms of pratyangira.

She is also identified with the deity Siddhakubjika of the purvamnaya kaula tradition.

It is no wonder that the chinacara or vajrayana, which path is known for its emphasis on establishing rule and dominion over others, also embraced her worship in the form of arya pratyangira.

Right from the atharvanic times until now she was always associated with rites of protection against attacks and misfortune but also with killing and destruction.

In her manuals it is said that she will kill anybody instantly who does so much as even divulge her mantra to the uninitiated.

If mantras are employed that say for instance " kill, destroy, split the enemys head" etc, and are described to be written around the name of an enemy, one can be of the opinion that this is meant to be directed against inner enemies like kama krodha lobha etc, but it is also possible to understand these descriptions differently and aply them literally and by this way develop the misuses that where criticised even in the earliest history of the cult in Atharva Veda Traditions.

Many of the protective form of deities also have destructive powers, like Pratyangira, Shulini, Siddhakubjika, Raktakali, Aghora, Vatuka, Bhairava, Kshetrapala, Sharabheshwara, Nrisimha, Sudarshana, they all have destructive aspects and destructive applications are described in the manuals, it seems to be the nature of protection that it has reversible powers.

It is said in the Brahmanada Purana:

The Brahmaveda was present there accompanied with terrible rites. Due to the accompaniment of the Pratyangiras, it appeared as if it had two bodies and two heads. 2.3.1.26

sankara menon
sangar narayanan wrote : There is no dictum anywhere that one can use any mantra for destroying others. One will notice that even the Nikumbala yaga which indrajit did was destroyed by Hanuman, because Divine Mother never wanted this to be used to destroy any one.
I agree that NO MNANTRA is created for harming. But a kitchen knife can be used to kill people too. Thats why some mantras are not given too freely. There need not be a dictum allowing misuse. Misuse happens because of the human ingenuity and immaturity

Len Rosenberg
In my training as a Wiccan High Priest, I took a vow not to do (intentionally) harmful or manipulative magic. I showed my High Priestess the pages in Johari's "Tools For Tantra" that explain the six (or more) types of mantric karmas: stambhana, marana, etc. She was aghast! "All these forms are manipulative," she observed, "except perhaps for Shantikarman and Pushtikarman, and even those you must have explicit permission to perform on a person."

Marana mantras are designed to harm (or kill) people at a distance. That sounds like it was created for harming!

joannapollner
My advice is , if someone feels drawn to certain Deity just think of that energy aspect in loving way I am not sure if mantra in this way is neccessary ,although I am not on regular bases Pratyangira worshiper just think of the Deity very lovingly.

Quick question though , what is then the difference between Kali and Pratyangira is this not the same aspect ? or at least similar?

bsharishankar
Pratyangira is the lion headed (sometimes Vyali)form of the divine mother and her mantra is recited 108 times and the ritual water is sprinkled to free individuals cast in the spell of extremely tamasic exorcism. If used to harm others for material agains and settle enemity it can react and adversely affect the individual performing such rites. The worship of pratyangira is part of vama marga and still exist in Kerala.There is a pratyangira temple at Sasthamangalam in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

Llundrub
All aspects of the deity are aspects of the guru which is power of all pervasiveness of primordial pure awareness. Thus Pratyangira is the power of clarity of consciousness.


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